Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2021: Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti marks the birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Born in Patna, he was the 10th guru of Sikhs. ALSO READ | Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2021: 10 Inspirational Quotes By Great Tenth Sikh Guru On His Birth Anniversary
This year, the Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti will be celebrated on January 20, Wednesday.
Devotees visit gurudwaras to offer prayers for the special day, participate in langar or perform similar service for others as the act of giving and service is popularly associated with the Sikh religion.
The Patna Sahib Gurudwara is adorned with dazzling lights to celebrate the ‘Prakash Purab’ of the 10th Guru.
After the death of his father Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh Ji became a Sikh guru at the age of nine. He spread the teachings of valour and righteousness.
Guru Gobind Singh introduced the five ‘K’s that traditional Sikhs abide by:
Kesh: Letting hair be in natural state (no trimming or cutting)
Kangha: Wooden comb
Kirpan: A sword or dagger
Kara: an iron or steel bracelet or Kada worn on the wrist
Kacchera: Short breeches
He was a versatile personality being a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji established the Sikh warrior community called ‘Khalsa’ in 1699. He also announced a code of discipline for the Khalsa warriors wherein consuming Tobacco, eating ‘halal’ meat, fornication, and adultery were forbidden.
Notably, he is credited for finalising the holy Guru Granth Sahib and declaring the primary scripture as the 11th and eternal Guru of Sikhs.
The 10th Guru is also credited with the ‘Dasam Granth’.
He fought several battles to protect people against tyrannical and discriminatory rulers, as a believer of Dharam Yudh (war in defence of righteousness) as the last resort. He even lost his 4 sons and mother in the fight against such forces.
Guru Gobind Singh passed away in 1708, believed to be aged 41.